Quick Links About Kenya
Kenya straddles the equator and is bordered to the north by the arid deserts of Ethiopia and Sudan, to the west by Uganda and Lake Victoria, to the East by Somaliland and Indian Ocean and to the South by Tanzania. Kenya is dominated by the Rift Valley, which divides the flats plains of the Coast from the hills along Lake Victoria. Nairobi is located at the Eastern edge of the Rift Valley. The main rivers are Galana and Tana
Capital City : Nairobi, 2.5 million inhabitants
Head of State: President
Total Area: 583.00 kms.
Area under water: 13,600 sq km's.
Population: 41 million people (2013)
Languages : English and Swahili.
Religions: Christians are the majority in the countryside, whereas Muslims are common on the Coast and are about 30% of the population; minority groups are practicing traditional religions.
Independence Date: 12 December
Industry: Tourism, processed food, Brewing, vehicles and accessories, Cotton and Textile, Cement and construction materials, chemicals.
Agriculture: Coffee, Tea, Cotton, sisal, tobacco.
Kenyan independence from the British empire was marked by the election of Jomo Kenyatta as the first President of Kenya in 12 December 1963. He ruled until his death in 1978, leading the KANU party as a single party state. The country enjoyed development and stability. Daniel Arap Moi followed Kenyatta and remained in power for 25 years conducting a rigid authocratic regime. Democratic elections were first held in 1993 and confirmed the presidency of Moi. In 2002 the opposition coalition led by Mwai Kibaki was able to win the elections.
The best time of the year to visit Kenya is the boreal summer, from July to September. A second choice is the boreal winter from January to February. There are two rainy seasons, the "long rains" from March to June and the "short rains" from October to December. Seasonal rains condition both road communications and some cyclic wildlife movements. Wildlife is more abundant in Masai Mara during the boreal summer.
Fauna and Birds
All the "Big Five", lion, buffalo, elephant, leopard and rhino can be seen in at least two or more Kenyan national parks. Bird life in Kenya is also varies and includes species like ostrich, vulture and marabou stork. Around water bodies you can see flamingos, cranes, pelicans, while the forest is home to huge hornbills. Kenya hosts the endangered specie of the Black Rhinos, found in Lake Nakuru and Tsavo.